Internationalizing the Transformation and Innovation Approach in Health Higher Education

Document Type : Systematic review/Meta analysis


1 PhD in Higher Education Management, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

2 Health Sciences Research Center, Addiction Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran


Background: Internationalizing education in universities has a positive effect on the quality of education and the position of a university in both short and long term .The purpose of this article is to examine the process of internationalization in order to strengthen the educational process in the field of specialization as well as to increase skills in higher education.
Methods: In this review study, articles published in Persian and English journals in databases of Google scholar, ProQuest, Elsevier, PubMed, ISI (Web of Science), Barakatkns, AND Scopus were used. Searching articles were mainly using the keywords of internationalization, innovation, medical education, health education in Persian language and their English equivalent in Latin databases. The paper-selection process was based on the following strategy: At the end of the search, 130 articles were obtained. Then following the title and abstract screening, out of 86 articles 40 articles were excluded by the study of their abstracts, as well as 36 articles were chosen by full-text review. Finally, 10 articles found the inclusion criteria. Initially, the most important reasons were examined for the internationalization of higher education, then the internationalization process was considered with regard to the influential factors.
Results: The results showed that if the transformation and innovation packages in the internationalization sector are realized, the following achievements will be achieved in the field of medical education: compilation of regional and international medical education and document preparation, compilation of international performance indicators and monitoring model, Designing a Model for Benefiting International Scientific Exchanges, Developing a Flexible Pattern in Educational Curricula to Expand the Attraction of International Students, and International Accreditation of Iranian Medical Universities.
Conclusion: This research can provide a new perspective for changing the viewpoints of policy-makers and administrators of the macro-regional universities of medical sciences, especially in the first District to review the packages of transformation and innovation.


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