Survey on the effect of two education methods (face to face and distance) on the self-care skill of Behvarz

Document Type : Original Article


1 MSc. Student, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

2 Department of Medical education, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

3 Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

4 Faculty of Traditional Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran


Background: With increase in the number of patients with chronic illnesses, long-term health care systems are experiencing significant problems in providing these services. Therefore, in order to organize these patients and facilitate the work, it is suggested that some care be provided by the individuals themselves. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of face to face and distance education on self-care.
Methods: Data were collected through a researcher-made questionnaire. The statistical population of the study consisted of Bahvarzes of two cities: Khaf and Sarakhs. According to population size and based on Cochran formula, 45 Bahvarzes were randomly selected from khaf and Sarakh health centers as the statistical sample. The intervention of face-to-face training in Sarakhs health center and intervention of distance education in Khaf Health Center were used. Data was analyzed through SPSS 24 software.
Results: Based on the results of paired t-test, it was found that face to face training intervention was effective on self-care of non-communicable diseases in Behvarz of Sarakhs city (p-value = 0.001). But self-care distance education intervention has not been effective on self-care of non-communicable diseases in Behvarz of khaf city (p-value=0.1). Also the results of comparing the mean of two methods of face to face and distance training showed that there was a significant difference between the scores mean of Behvarz in the two methods (p-value = 0.001) and the face to face training intervention was more effective than distance training intervention.
Conclusion: Self-care face to face training of non-communicable diseases in Behvarz is more effective than distance training.


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