Designing Entrepreneurship Measurement Tool (Case Study: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences)

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD Candidate, Department of Educational Sciences, Neyshabur Branch, Islamic Azad University, Neyshabur, Iran

2 Department of Educational Sciences, Neyshabur Branch, Islamic Azad University, Neyshabur, Iran

3 Department of Management, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran

4 Department of Statistics, Neyshabur Branch, Islamic Azad University, Neyshabur, Iran


Background: Entrepreneurship has become very important in many economic and social sectors, especially the health system. One of the problems is the lack of standardized tools for measuring the entrepreneurship status in medical universities. The purpose of this study was to design an entrepreneurship measurement tool at Mashhad University of Medical Sciences.
Methods: This is a combined (qualitative -quantitative) study in two phases of reviewing the literature and expert opinion survey using Delphi method. In the first step, the variables affecting organizational entrepreneurship were extracted by examining the related literature. Afterwards, the extracted variables were finalized by Delphi method and after reaching the consensus of experts. Then, in the quantitative section, the final dimension questionnaire was prepared and structural equation method was used for data analysis.
Results: Six dimensions were identified for Entrepreneurship Questionnaire and 39 components of Entrepreneurship dimension were reported. The results showed that many factors affecting entrepreneurship, include human factors, entrepreneurship culture, motivational factors, accelerating variables, information technologies, and rehabilitation variables.
Conclusion: The designed tool can help to identify the current status of entrepreneurship in medical sciences university. Given the need for current organizations to benefit from the advantages of moving to entrepreneurial management, managers through special attention to the dimension affecting this management style identified in the present study, providing resources and facilities needed to achieve these dimensions can go a long way toward continually improving the organization.