Historic Perspective (Ferdowsi); Scholarship of Teaching

Author

Editorial Office, Future of Medical Edujation Jounal, Imam Reza Hospital, Ibn Sina Street, Mashad, IRAN

Abstract

Evolvement of medical education in the past decades has led to emerging of the new concept of “scholarship behaviours in teaching” (1). To evaluate scholarship projects six criteria (Glassick Criteria) have been proposed to make education provision more objective. They include providing clear goals, adequate preparation, appropriate methods, significant results, effective presentation, and reflective critique (2-4).
While this is considered to be a relatively new concept, there is historical evidence in which promoting scholarship behaviours has been promoted. Rich Persian literature reflects the Iranian ideas, customs, traditions and culture which are shaped by social values. These concepts have been expanded and flourished during the 7000 years history of civilisation in this country. Ferdowsi, the epic poet of Persia (940-2020 CE) (5), reflected on the criteria of scholarship behaviours in teaching. His standards are even deeper. He expressed these ideas clearly to be understandable even to the public. For example, he focuses on the capability of expansion of teaching materials and experience to others (6).
 
از این پس نمیرم که من ‌زنده‌ام              که تخم سخن را پراکنده‌ام
I shall not die; I'll be alive afterwards, as I have spread the seeds of discourse!
According to Ferdowsi, publishing and distribution of teaching materials is not enough to grantee the scholarship behaviour. Results and guidelines should be able to flourish by themselves similar to the plant seeds that germinate. This could be defined as the seventh principle of Glassick Criteria. 
Application of wisdom and science literacy is clear from the opening verses of Shahnameh (شاهنامه) and last throughout the book (6):
به نام خداوند جان و خرد              کزین برتر اندیشه برنگذرد
In the name of the Lord of life and wisdom, No notion would be better than this!
 Ferdowsi attributed behaviour of teaching to nature and wisdom of the teachers as well as what they have been acquired (6).
خرد باید و گوهر نامدار             هنر یار و فرهنگش آموزگار
Nobel nature and wisdom are essential, artistic behaviour and culture should be the teacher!
 

Keywords


Evolvement of medical education in the past decades has led to emerging of the new concept of “scholarship behaviours in teaching” (1). To evaluate scholarship projects six criteria (Glassick Criteria) have been proposed to make education provision more objective. They include providing clear goals, adequate preparation, appropriate methods, significant results, effective presentation, and reflective critique (2-4). 
While this is considered to be a relatively new concept, there is historical evidence in which promoting scholarship behaviours has been promoted. Rich Persian literature reflects the Iranian ideas, customs, traditions and culture which are shaped by social values. These concepts have been expanded and flourished during the 7000 years history of civilisation in this country. Ferdowsi, the epic poet of Persia (940-2020 CE) (5), reflected on the criteria of scholarship behaviours in teaching. His standards are even deeper. He expressed these ideas clearly to be understandable even to the public. For example, he focuses on the capability of expansion of teaching materials and experience to others (6). 
  
از این پس نمیرم که من ‌زنده‌ام              که تخم سخن را پراکنده‌ام 
I shall not die; I'll be alive afterwards, as I have spread the seeds of discourse! 
According to Ferdowsi, publishing and distribution of teaching materials is not enough to grantee the scholarship behaviour. Results and guidelines should be able to flourish by themselves similar to the plant seeds that germinate. This could be defined as the seventh principle of Glassick Criteria.  
Application of wisdom and science literacy is clear from the opening verses of Shahnameh (شاهنامه) and last throughout the book (6): 
به نام خداوند جان و خرد              کزین برتر اندیشه برنگذرد 
In the name of the Lord of life and wisdom, No notion would be better than this! 
 Ferdowsi attributed behaviour of teaching to nature and wisdom of the teachers as well as what they have been acquired (6). 
خرد باید و گوهر نامدار             هنر یار و فرهنگش آموزگار 
Nobel nature and wisdom are essential, artistic behaviour and culture should be the teacher! 

  1. Rao A, Rich VL. Service and scholarship: an evolutionary examination of nursing administration. Nurs Adm Q. 2012 Apr;36(2):107-14.
  2. Glassick CE, Huber MT, Maeroff GI. Scholarship Assessed: Evaluation of the Professionate. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 1st ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass; 1997.
Nuthalapaty FS, Casey PM, Cullimore AJ, Dugoff L, Abbott JF, Chuang AW, et al. To the point: a primer on medical education research. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2011 Jul; 207(1):9-13. 

  • Afshari R, Beiraghi Toosi A, Azizi H. Process of Scholarship of Teaching Has Been Successful in Mashad University of Medial Sciences. Future of Medical Education Journal 2012 March; 2 (1): 27-31. 

  • Ferdowsi from Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdowsi. (16.09.2012)

  •  Afshari R, Yahaghi J, Education and Health in Shahnameh. 1st ed. Mashhad: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences. 2012. [Persian