Prioritizing Effective Factors of Third Generation Universities in Higher Education A Case Study in Mashhad University of Medical Sciences

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 PhD Candidate, Department of Educational Sciences, Neyshabur Branch, Islamic Azad University, Neyshabur, Iran

2 Department of Educational Sciences, Neyshabur Branch, Islamic Azad University, Neyshabur, Iran

3 Department of Educational Sciences, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran

4 Department of Statistics, Neyshabur Branch, Islamic Azad University, Neyshabur, Iran

Abstract

Introduction
In our country, most universities are placed in second generation universities category, i.e. research-oriented universities which are not so active in commercialization of research findings. Therefore, the purpose of the present study is to prioritize the factors affecting third generation universities

Method
The present study is an applied research in terms of purpose and it was conducted through a mixed methods approach. The statistical population of the research included faculty members, managers and deputy directors of Mashhad University of Medical sciences in the academic year 2019-2020 (N=1041).A sample of 212 individuals was selected through stratified sampling method and Delphi method was used to obtain the opinions of 30 experts. The research tool was a research-made questionnaire extracted from the qualitative section whose validity was confirmed by experts and its reliability was confirmed by Cronbach’s alpha coefficient (0.9). The confirmed questionnaire with 7 factors and 25 components was administered and data were analyzed using SPSS 21 software

Findings
The results of the study showed that the two factors of concentration and attention of managers to entrepreneurship and reform of education and research system with emphasis on entrepreneurship had the most impact (0.97)and the factor of applying cultural values in order to move toward third-generation universities with a coefficient of (0.75) had the least impact.

Conclusion
Medical universities officials should endeavor to develop entrepreneurship in universities, which requires simultaneous planning and attention to all factors, especially the factor of managers’ attention to entrepreneurship and reforming of education and research system
.

Keywords